Understanding and Addressing Sexual Dysfunctions in Women: A Comprehensive Data Report

Amoha Jha
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Sexual dysfunctions in women

Sexual dysfunctions in women can significantly impact their overall well-being and relationships. 

It’s essential to recognize and address these issues to enhance women’s sexual health and quality of life.

Unraveling women’s sexual health, this data report delves into the often overlooked multifaceted realm of sexual dysfunctions in women. 

Drawing on extensive research data, we navigate the prevalence and different types of problems women experience, which hampers their sexual well-being. 

As we explore both nonmedical and medical interventions, we aim to foster awareness, understanding, and de stigmatization.

Prevalence of sexual dysfunctions in women

Researchers examined data on sexual dysfunction from the National Health and Social Life Survey (NHSLS), a study on adult sexual behavior in the U.S. 

They surveyed 1749 women and 1410 men aged 18 to 59. 

Unlike self-administered questionnaires, experienced interviewers conducted the surveys in person. 

The findings highlight sexual dysfunction as a significant public health concern, showing a higher prevalence in women (43%) compared to men (31%). 

This suggests a notable impact on women’s sexual well-being. 

Types of sexual dysfunction in women

A study was conducted to explore how common sexual issues are among women visiting the Gynecology Outpatient Department (OPD) and to understand their feelings about sex. 

They surveyed 520 patients from January to June 2018 using a questionnaire designed specifically for this study. 

The questions were based on those used in previous research but adapted to fit the current situation at the medical center where the study took place.

The results showed that a significant number of women face sexual challenges. 

Among the participants, 

  • 63% reported a desire dysfunction
  • 77% experienced arousal disorder
  • 51% had lubrication disorder
  • 56% dealt with dyspareunia
  • 74% had sex-related anxiety

Here’s a brief description of the aforementioned sexual dysfunctions in women:

Desire dysfunction

Desire dysfunction refers to a lack of sexual interest or motivation. 

Women experiencing this may have a reduced desire for sexual activity, leading to challenges in initiating intimacy.

A study was conducted by the National Health and Social Life Survey on men and women in the United States aged 18 to 59. 

It aimed to understand how common problems with sexual desire are in this group. 

The research highlighted that issues with sexual interest are frequently underestimated. 

According to the results, 32% of women and 15% of men in this age range lacked sexual interest. 

Arousal disorder

Arousal disorder involves difficulty in achieving and maintaining sexual arousal, even after being exposed to sexual stimuli.

In a population-based study, sexual arousal disorder was reported in 10% to 20% of women.

Lubrication disorder

Lubrication disorder specifically focuses on inadequate vaginal lubrication during sexual activity, which leads to discomfort or pain.

A study was conducted where researchers examined a large number of studies, screening 9,292 results and reviewing the full texts of 440 publications. 

Despite differences among the studies, they estimated that around 40.9% of premenopausal women experience sexual dysfunction. 

This means that a significant proportion of women may face challenges related to sexual well-being.

Among the specific sexual issues, lubrication difficulties were found to have a prevalence rate of 20.6%. 

Orgasmic disorder

Orgasmic disorder is characterized by persistent difficulty in reaching an orgasm despite adequate sexual stimulation. 

This can create frustration and impact overall sexual satisfaction.

A notable percentage of women, approximately 10% to 15%, have never experienced an orgasm.

While some women may achieve orgasm through vaginal penetration, the majority experience orgasm exclusively through clitoral stimulation during sexual activity.

Additionally, surveys reveal that up to one-half of women express dissatisfaction with the frequency of reaching orgasm. 

This means that a significant number of women may encounter challenges or limitations in achieving sexual satisfaction. 


Dyspareunia refers to persistent pain during sexual intercourse. 

Various factors, including physical or psychological issues, can cause this condition.

Dyspareunia affects 8-22% of women at some point during their lives, making it one of the most common pain problems in gynecologic practice.

Nonmedical treatment for female sexual dysfunction

While medical interventions are available, nonmedical treatments play a vital role in addressing sexual dysfunctions in women:

Talk and listen

Effective communication is the foundation of a healthy sexual relationship. 

According to th American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy, couples experiencing sexual challenges should prioritize open and honest conversations about desires, concerns, and expectations. 

Creating a safe space for dialogue allows partners to express their needs without judgment, fostering understanding and empathy. 

Communication helps identify underlying issues, build trust, and collaboratively work towards enhancing sexual satisfaction.

Practice healthy lifestyle habits

Adopting a healthy lifestyle positively impacts overall well-being, including sexual health. Key lifestyle factors include:

Regular exercise

Engaging in regular physical activity promotes blood circulation, boosts energy levels, and contributes to a positive body image. 

Exercise has been linked to improved mood and increased sexual arousal.

Balanced diet

A nutritious diet supports general health and can positively influence sexual function.

Foods rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals contribute to overall vitality.

Adequate sleep

Sufficient sleep is essential for hormonal balance and overall well-being. 

Fatigue can negatively impact sexual desire and performance.

Use a lubricant

For women experiencing lubrication disorders or discomfort during intercourse, using a lubricant can be a simple yet effective solution. 

Water-based lubricants can reduce friction, enhance comfort, and contribute to an overall more pleasurable sexual experience. 

A study was conducted to understand women’s thoughts on using lubricants, their perceptions of vaginal
wetness during sex, and their buying and application habits. 

Researchers analyzed data from an online diary study with 2,451 women focusing on lubricant use. 

Overall, women had positive views on lubricants, expressing a preference for a wetter sensation during sex. 

They believed that increased wetness made orgasms easier and that their partners also preferred a wetter experience. 

Interestingly, perceptions differed by age, with women in their forties having more positive views about lubricants than those under 30. 

Although many lubricants are available in the market, avoid using flavored lubricants for vaginal intercourse as they often contain sugar (glucose), which may lead to yeast infections.

Try a device

In some cases, incorporating sexual aids or devices can enhance sexual satisfaction. 

Products such as vibrators or erotic accessories can be used with a partner or individually. 

These devices can help address issues such as difficulty achieving arousal or orgasm, providing additional stimulation and variety in sexual activities. 

It’s important to explore these options with an open mind and communicate openly with a partner about preferences and comfort levels.

Seek counseling

Sexual challenges often have psychological components that may benefit from professional counseling. 

Sex therapy or couples counseling provides a safe and supportive environment for individuals or partners to explore and address emotional and relational aspects affecting sexual satisfaction. 

Trained therapists can help navigate issues such as performance anxiety, past trauma, or relationship dynamics, promoting healthier attitudes toward intimacy.

Medical treatment for female sexual dysfunction

In some cases, medical treatment for sexual dysfunction can be recommended. Here are some of them:

Estrogen therapy

Estrogen therapy may be prescribed to postmenopausal women to address issues such as vaginal dryness and atrophy, promoting increased comfort during sexual activity.

In a 12-week randomized trial, researchers compared the impact of transdermal Estradiol (a form of Estrogen) and a placebo on the quality of life in postmenopausal women. 

Among 242 women involved, 223 were analyzed for effectiveness (112 for Estradiol and 111 for placebo). 

Both groups, those receiving Estradiol and those receiving a placebo, experienced improved quality of life. 

However, the group using transdermal Estradiol showed greater improvements in health-related quality of life and overall well-being compared to the placebo group. 

This was also observed in specific aspects related to Menopause, including sexual problems and dysfunction.

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Ospemifene is a selective Estrogen receptor modulator used to treat dyspareunia and improve sexual function in postmenopausal women.

A study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of Ospemifene in treating vulvar and vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women experiencing moderate to severe pain during intercourse and physiological changes in the vagina. 

The research involved 605 women aged 40 to 80, randomly assigned to take a daily dose of Ospemifene or a placebo for 12 weeks. 

The analysis found that Ospemifene was significantly more effective than the placebo in addressing key aspects of the condition. 

Ospemifene led to a reduction in the severity of dyspareunia compared to the placebo. 

Androgen therapy

Androgen therapy involves the use of hormones like Testosterone to enhance sexual desire and arousal, especially in women with low libido.

A research study was aimed to examine the impact of Androgens (hormones like Testosterone) on the normal and problematic aspects of female sexual function. 

Researchers reviewed existing literature by searching online databases and summarizing major findings from relevant studies. 

The collective evidence from clinical trials consistently supports the idea that using transdermal Testosterone therapy is effective in enhancing sexual function in women. 


This comprehensive data report sheds light on the prevalence and multifaceted nature of sexual dysfunctions in women. 

With a higher prevalence (43%) compared to men (31%), these dysfunctions significantly impact women’s well-being. 

Desire dysfunction, arousal disorder, lubrication disorder, dyspareunia, and sex-related anxiety are prevalent issues influencing both mental and physical aspects of sexual health. 

The report emphasizes the importance of awareness, understanding, and destigmatization. 

Nonmedical interventions like communication, lifestyle habits, and the use of lubricants are crucial. 

Meanwhile, medical treatments, such as Estrogen therapy, Ospemifene, and Androgen therapy, provide viable options for addressing specific issues and promoting overall sexual well-being.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the types of sexual dysfunction in women?

Sexual dysfunctions in women include desire dysfunction, arousal disorder, lubrication disorder, orgasmic disorder, and dyspareunia. These issues, prevalent in varying degrees, significantly impact women’s sexual well-being, requiring comprehensive awareness and understanding for effective intervention.

What helps sexual dysfunction in women?

Addressing sexual dysfunction in women involves open communication and adopting a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and a balanced diet. Using lubricants for comfort, considering sexual devices, seeking therapy, and exploring medical treatments like Estrogen therapy, Ospemifene, or Androgen therapy under professional guidance can help.

What is female orgasmic disorder?

Female orgasmic disorder is characterized by persistent difficulty in achieving orgasm despite adequate sexual stimulation. According to a study, approximately 10-15% of women have never experienced an orgasm. The condition can lead to frustration and impact overall sexual satisfaction and well-being.

What to do for women’s vaginal dryness?

For women who experience vaginal dryness, using water-based lubricants during sexual activity can alleviate discomfort and enhance pleasure. In some cases, medical interventions like Estrogen therapy may be recommended to address vaginal dryness.

Can a woman have an orgasm without being touched?

Yes, women can experience orgasms without physical touch through various forms of mental or visual stimulation. Fantasies, erotic thoughts, or even certain types of sensory experiences can elicit orgasms. This highlights the diverse nature of sexual response and the role of psychological factors in achieving sexual satisfaction for some women.

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