Period Mood Swings: What Causes Them and How To Manage

Nishi Kashyap
Medically reviewed by
Dr. Kaushal

Review medical content on WOW Rx Pharmacy, so that accurate drug use information is easily accessible to everybody.
Dr. Akansha is a licensed Clinical Pharmacologist. She possesses remarkable knowledge in Pharmacovigilance, prescription analysis, drug information, and drug safety services. Additionally, she is a keen learner and an educator.

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period mood swings

Period mood swings are a common experience for many women during or before menstruation. 

These mood fluctuations can range from feeling irritable and anxious to experiencing sadness or even anger. 

While it’s normal to feel a range of emotions during your menstrual cycle, severe mood swings can impact your daily life and cause depression. 

In this article, we’ll find the causes of period mood swings and explore effective strategies for managing them.

Mood swings before a period

Mood swings before periods are primarily linked to hormonal fluctuations, particularly Estrogen and Progesterone, that occur throughout the menstrual cycle.

These hormonal shifts are thought to trigger negative emotions like irritation and anger.

Mood changes are most commonly experienced during the luteal phase, which occurs after ovulation and before menstruation. These symptoms are likely to go away once menstruation begins.

During the menstrual cycle, hormonal changes also affect neurotransmitters in the brain, such as Serotonin, which regulate mood.

Decreased Serotonin levels may contribute to feelings of sadness, irritability, or anxiety.

Additionally, stress can worsen symptoms associated with Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), including mood swings.

PMS refers to a range of emotional, physical, and psychological symptoms that show up before your period starts. 

Stress triggers the release of Cortisol (the body’s primary stress hormone). This can disrupt hormonal balance and increase mood fluctuations.

Also Read: Find out how to treat PMS symptoms through this easy guide, Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Treatment: Lifestyle Changes and Medical Options.

How to stop mood swings during periods

It may not be possible to stop period mood swings completely.

However, there are strategies that can help reduce their intensity and frequency.

If you’re experiencing extreme or severe period mood swings, it’s crucial to get medical help. These symptoms could be due to Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) or some other serious condition.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle

Regular physical activity, eating healthy meals, and getting enough sleep are essential for overall health. It may help stabilize mood and ease period-related symptoms. 

Eat a good amount of fruits, green vegetables, and whole grains, and limit snacks and drinks that contain sugar.

Manage stress

Yoga can help to manage painSource: Cliff_Booth_from_Pexels
Image of a woman while doing yoga

Stress can make mood swings worse, so try relaxing techniques like deep breathing, meditation, and yoga. 

Find activities you enjoy to unwind, like listening to music, reading, or taking a walk in nature.

These all can help reduce stress levels and improve mood stability. 


In cases of severe mood swings, healthcare providers may recommend antidepressants like Fluoxetine, Paroxetine, and Sertraline.

Oral contraceptives may help alleviate depressive signs in women with PMDD. 

Yasmin has been shown to reduce premenstrual symptoms, including irritability and depression.

It is important to talk to your doctor before using any medication. They will first examine your health status and give the option that is right for you.

Are you facing PMDD symptoms?

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Some women take supplements like Vitamin B6, Calcium, or Magnesium to ease PMS symptoms, including mood swings. 

However, there is a lack of scientific evidence supporting its effectiveness. So, before starting any new supplements, it’s important to talk to a doctor.

Track your symptoms

Keeping a journal or using a period tracking app can help you understand your mood swings better. 

You might notice patterns that can help you manage them more effectively.


Period mood swings are a part of the menstrual cycle, but they can be disruptive and distressing when severe.

They are commonly linked to hormonal fluctuations, including Estrogen and Progesterone levels.

Managing these mood change symptoms involves lifestyle modifications, stress reduction methods, and medication for severe cases.

While supplements like Vitamin B6 or Calcium may offer relief, scientific evidence proving their efficacy lacks.

It is crucial to seek medical help in case of extreme mood swings and before taking any medications.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does period cause mood swings?

Yes, hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle, particularly in the luteal phase, can lead to mood swings. The changes in Estrogen and Progesterone levels affect neurotransmitters in the brain. It can contribute to emotional fluctuations before menstruation.

How to handle period mood swings?

To handle period mood swings, prioritize self-care. Maintain a healthy lifestyle and practice stress-reduction techniques like meditation. Consider medication with a doctor’s consultation if symptoms are severe, and track these symptoms for better management. 

How long do period mood swings last?

Period mood swings typically occur during the luteal phase, about one to two weeks before menstruation. They often resolve with the onset of menstruation. Tracking symptoms can help understand individual patterns and duration for better management.

What are the supplements that can alleviate mood swings?

Supplements such as Vitamin B6, Calcium, and Magnesium are believed to alleviate mood swings. However, scientific evidence supporting their effectiveness is limited. Consultation with healthcare professionals is essential before adding any new supplements to your routine.

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