Umbilical Endometriosis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Amisha Jain
Medically reviewed by
Dr. Kaushal

Review medical content on WOW Rx Pharmacy, so that accurate drug use information is easily accessible to everybody.
Dr. Akansha is a licensed Clinical Pharmacologist. She possesses remarkable knowledge in Pharmacovigilance, prescription analysis, drug information, and drug safety services. Additionally, she is a keen learner and an educator.

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umbilical endometriosis

Umbilical Endometriosis is a rare but significant condition characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, specifically in or around the belly button area. 

This condition can cause various symptoms, including chronic belly button pain, and may significantly impact a person’s quality of life.

Umbilical Endometriosis makes up about 30-40% of Endometriosis on the abdominal wall and accounts for approximately 0.5-1.0% of all Endometriosis cases.

In this article, we will dive into Umbilical Endometriosis, exploring its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment options, and potential complications.

Umbilical Endometriosis symptoms

Pelvic painSource: Syda_Productions
Woman suffering from cramps

Umbilical Endometriosis manifests through several symptoms, often causing significant discomfort and distress to affected individuals. 

This pain can range from mild and intermittent to severe and persistent, depending on the extent of the endometrial tissue growth.

Other symptoms commonly associated with Umbilical Endometriosis include:

  • Umbilical swelling
  • Cyclical pain
  • Sometimes bleeding from the lesion

Umbilical Endometriosis can show up with common symptoms of Endometriosis, like:

  • Severe menstrual pain
  • Irregular bleeding
  • Trouble getting pregnant
  • Digestive problems
  • Painful sex
  • Pain when peeing or going to the bathroom

It’s essential to note that Umbilical Endometriosis can present in two distinct forms: Primary and Secondary. 

Primary Umbilical Endometriosis refers to cases where endometrial tissue directly implants at the umbilicus.

Secondary Umbilical Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue spreads to the umbilicus from nearby pelvic organs after operations such as cesarean section and laparoscopy.

Umbilical Endometriosis, although rare, can occur in individuals who have never been pregnant.

Umbilical Endometriosis causes

The exact cause of Umbilical Endometriosis remains unclear. However, several theories have been proposed to explain its development. 

One theory suggests retrograde menstruation, where menstrual blood flows backward through the fallopian tubes into the pelvic cavity, allowing endometrial cells to implant and grow on abdominal organs, including the umbilicus.

Another theory highlights the significance of the peritoneum, a membrane enveloping abdominal organs.

Within this membrane, epithelial cells have the potential to undergo transformation into endometrial tissue under specific conditions.


Doctors may suspect Endometriosis based on your medical history or physical examination, and they may use the following methods to diagnose it:


This involves making a small incision in the abdomen and inserting a thin tube equipped with a light and camera. 

Through this tube, the doctor can examine the tissues in and around the uterus to check for signs of endometrial tissue growth.


If the doctor observes suspicious tissue during laparoscopy, they may use a small instrument to scrape off a few cells for further examination. 

These cells are then sent to a laboratory where a pathologist examines them under a microscope. 

A biopsy is necessary for a definitive diagnosis of Endometriosis.


The treatment approach for Umbilical Endometriosis depends on various factors, including the severity of symptoms, the extent of tissue involvement, and the patient’s reproductive goals. 

Treatment options may include:

Pain management

Over-the-counter or prescription pain medications may be recommended to alleviate abdominal discomfort associated with Umbilical Endometriosis. 

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) such as Ibuprofen or Naproxen can help reduce pain and inflammation.

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Hormonal therapy

Hormonal medications such as Danazol or Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone (GnRH) agonists may be prescribed to suppress menstrual cycles and reduce the growth of endometrial tissue. 

Hormonal therapy can help alleviate symptoms and prevent disease progression in some cases.


doctors performing surgery with surgical instrumentsSource: AndreyPopov_from_Getty_Images
Doctors performing surgery

In cases where conservative treatments are ineffective or symptoms are severe, Endometriosis surgery may be necessary

Surgical options for Umbilical Endometriosis may include laparoscopic excision of endometrial implants or, in more extensive cases, partial or complete removal of the umbilicus (umbilical resection).

Fertility preservation

For individuals concerned about fertility issues related to Endometriosis, fertility-sparing surgical techniques or Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) may be considered. 

These approaches aim to preserve reproductive function while addressing the symptoms of Umbilical Endometriosis.


Umbilical Endometriosis can lead to several complications, ranging from mild to severe, depending on the extent of tissue involvement and associated symptoms. 

One potential complication is the formation of adhesions, which are fibrous bands of scar tissue that can develop between the endometrial implants and surrounding organs. 

Adhesions may cause organs to stick together abnormally, leading to pain, infertility, and bowel or bladder dysfunction.

In rare cases, Umbilical Endometriosis may progress to more serious complications such as infertility. 


Umbilical Endometriosis presents a complex medical challenge, marked by symptoms such as 

umbilical swelling, cyclical pain, and sometimes bleeding from the lesion.

Its causes, including retrograde menstruation and hormonal imbalances, contribute to its enigmatic nature. 

Complications such as adhesions and infertility highlight the importance of prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. 

Through a combination of pain management, hormonal therapy, and surgical intervention, individuals with Umbilical Endometriosis can find relief and regain control over their health and fertility.

Early recognition and appropriate management are essential for improving outcomes and quality of life for individuals affected by this complex condition.

Persistent belly button pain or swelling could signal Umbilical Endometriosis. Consult a healthcare professional if you experience these symptoms, especially if they worsen during menstruation. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for managing this condition effectively.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the risk factors for Umbilical Endometriosis?

Umbilical Endometriosis may be associated with factors such as a history of Endometriosis, previous abdominal surgeries, or hormonal imbalances. However, the exact risk factors remain poorly understood.

Can Umbilical Endometriosis cause infertility?

While Umbilical Endometriosis itself is rare, severe cases may be associated with infertility. However, this is less common compared to other forms of Endometriosis affecting the pelvic organs.

Is Umbilical Endometriosis a common condition?

Umbilical Endometriosis is relatively rare compared to traditional Endometriosis affecting the pelvic region. However, early recognition and prompt intervention are essential for effective management and symptom relief.

What treatment options are available for Umbilical Endometriosis?

Treatment may include pain management with medications, hormonal therapy to suppress endometrial growth, surgical excision of endometriotic lesions, and fertility-sparing options for individuals desiring pregnancy.

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