Unveiling How Do You Know If a Guy Has HIV?

Aarohi Batra
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Dr. Kaushal

Review medical content on WOW Rx Pharmacy, so that accurate drug use information is easily accessible to everybody.
Dr. Akansha is a licensed Clinical Pharmacologist. She possesses remarkable knowledge in Pharmacovigilance, prescription analysis, drug information, and drug safety services. Additionally, she is a keen learner and an educator.

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how do you know if a guy has hiv

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can severely impact the immune system and progress to a life-threatening condition, AIDS, if left without treatment.

HIV is a global pandemic and has already claimed up to 39 million lives worldwide and still affecting people, according to the WHO.

As per HIV.gov, out of all HIV cases, males account for 80% of HIV cases in the year 2021.

Though HIV infects men and women equally, there are certain symptoms and complications limited to men only.

Through this comprehensive article, we will elaborate on the important question, ‘How do you know if a guy has HIV?’ and its common symptoms.

So, let’s delve into the topic and learn in detail.

How do you know if a guy has HIV through symptoms

There are certain symptoms or conditions that can indicate that a man has HIV.

The HIV symptoms in men are as follows:


Individuals infected with HIV are at a risk of developing Proctitis.

It is the inflammation of the lining of the rectum and can cause symptoms in men, such as:

  • Diarrhea
  • Pain in the rectum
  • Rectal bleeding and discharge
  • Continuous urge to stool or bowel movement
Proctitis may cause chronic rectal bleeding, and without treatment, it may cause Anemia in people. Consult a healthcare practitioner and seek prompt medical attention to avoid severe complications.


People infected with HIV are at a higher risk of Hypogonadism.

Hypogonadism can refer to the decrease in one or two main functions of the testis, i.e., spermatogenesis and production of Testosterone.

It can also cause adverse effects that can affect the quality of life, such as decreased libido, fatigue, weight loss, loss of bone mass, etc.

Erectile Dysfunction

Depressed couple due to erectile dysfunctionSource: elenaleonova_from_Getty_Images_Signature
Erectile dysfunction

Men infected with HIV infection have low production of Testosterone that can interfere with various sexual and physical functions in the body.

Thus, HIV infection can negatively affect the male erection and may lead to Erectile Dysfunction in men.

Erectile Dysfunction can be understood as the difficulty to sustain the erections required for satisfactory sexual intercourse.

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Men infected with HIV are at a higher risk of developing Prostatitis.

It is the inflammation of the prostate gland. It may cause common symptoms including:

  • Need to urinate often
  • Pain during urination
  • Inability to urinate
  • Fever and chills
  • Erectile Dysfunction or loss of libido
  • Pain when passing stool
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Pain in the bladder, penis, and groin area

Urination disorders

Men may have some urination problems, which may indicate the presence of HIV.

According to NCBI, HIV-positive people are present with impaired urinary functions.

These functions may include Dysuria, which is painful urination.

Further, it can also lead to urine retention and a sudden urge to urinate.

HIV may transmit through unprotected sexual intercourse, blood, semen, vaginal and rectal fluid, and mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding.

Common symptoms of HIV

Skin irritationSource: vvoevale
Skin problems such as rashes

The early common signs of HIV may include the following symptoms:

  • Elevated body temperature
  • Sudden chills
  • Excessive night sweating
  • Skin problems such as rashes
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Sores in the mouth
  • Swollen lymph nodes

The progression of HIV into AIDS can be prevented with early diagnosis and proper treatment.

Therefore, consult a healthcare practitioner and seek prompt medical treatment.


HIV is an STD that can progress into AIDS without early diagnosis and treatment.

Fortunately, certain symptoms can be seen in men with HIV and help in taking necessary actions for its diagnosis and treatment.

The symptoms may include Proctitis, an inflammation of the rectum, and can show symptoms such as pain and rectal bleeding.

Further, men with HIV may have Hypogonadism, which may result in low libido or sex drive, fatigue, and weight loss.

HIV infection in men may also affect erectile function and lead to Erectile Dysfunction due to low Testosterone levels.

Moreover, in men, HIV is associated with inflammation of the prostate gland, elevating the risk of Prostatitis or causing urinary problems.

Also, men with HIV can show some common symptoms, such as elevated body temperature, sudden chills, skin abnormalities, etc.

Therefore, on suspecting these symptoms, men should consult a healthcare practitioner and seek prompt medical attention for faster recovery.

Frequently Asked Questions

How does a male know he has HIV?

A male may know he has HIV if he suspects some common symptoms, such as fatigue, elevated temperature, and sores in the mouth and throat. Further, some conditions, such as Proctitis, Hypogonadism, Erectile Dysfunction, Prostatitis, and Urinary Disorders, are also associated with HIV.

What are the symptoms of HIV in men?

HIV can cause certain signs and symptoms, such as elevated body temperature, sudden chills, excessive night sweating, and skin rashes. Further, it may cause extreme tiredness and fatigue, sores in the mouth, and swollen lymph nodes. Also, Prostatitis, Hypogonadism, and Erectile Dysfunction are associated with HIV in men.

How do I know if my boyfriend is HIV positive?

You can notice a few symptoms in men that are often an indication of HIV infection. These symptoms include fever and chills, night sweating, and sores in the mouth and throat. Further, Urination Disorders, Prostatitis, Erectile Dysfunction, Hypogonadism, and Proctitis can also be indications of HIV.

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