Genital Warts Medication: Your Guide to Unlocking Relief

Monali Sharma
Medically reviewed by
Dr. Kaushal

Review medical content on WOW Rx Pharmacy, so that accurate drug use information is easily accessible to everybody.
Dr. Akansha is a licensed Clinical Pharmacologist. She possesses remarkable knowledge in Pharmacovigilance, prescription analysis, drug information, and drug safety services. Additionally, she is a keen learner and an educator.

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genital warts medication

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) varieties 6 and 11 are the causative agents of Genital Warts.

While there is no cure for the virus, various treatment options are available to manage the symptoms. 

This article will focus on the medications used to treat Genital Warts, including topical medications, chemical treatments, and surgical interventions. 

It also discusses the potential side effects of Genital Warts medication. 

With the right treatment and guidance, Genital Warts can be effectively managed.

Topical Genital Wart medication

Medications applied topically are the most prevalent method of treating Genital Warts. 

Some of the widely used topical medications include Imiquimod and Podophyllotoxin.

These medications work by preventing cell division and destroying genital wart tissue.

The following are examples of commonly used topical medications:

Imiquimod

This medication has been shown to enhance the body’s immune response to fight HPV (Human Papillomavirus) infections, particularly in the treatment of Genital Warts.

It is a once-daily application of 2.5% or 3.75% lotion used to treat external Genital Warts, especially in men. 

It has demonstrated efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of Genital Warts

Podofilox

Podofilox (Condylox) is a medicine used to treat HPV-caused external Genital Warts. 

It acts by eliminating the wart’s skin. 

Podofilox is a topical solution or gel that should only be applied to the area around the penis or vagina. 

It should not be used to treat warts near the rectum, vagina, or urine routes inside the penis or the vulva.

Podophyllum/Podophyllin resin

Podophyllin resin is a topical treatment for external Genital Warts caused by HPV.

A 15 to 25% Podophyllin resin solution is often used as a conventional treatment for Genital Warts. 

It works by damaging the growth’s tissue, causing the wart to blanch (lose its color) within a few hours before sloughing off and disappearing.

It is not suggested for use on the cervix, vagina, or anal canal and may necessitate regular clinic visits.

Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA)

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is a treatment for genital and anal warts. 

It is a highly effective chemical that eliminates warts by disrupting the proteins in the cells. 

TCA is normally applied once a week for several weeks by a competent healthcare expert, depending on the quantity and size of warts. 

A study advised using TCA in individuals with external Genital Warts, especially in mild to moderate instances, because it has a high success rate and low morbidity if applied properly.

Fact:
The virus that causes Genital Warts usually clears up by itself within 1 to 2 years.

Sinecatechins

Sinecatechins is an ointment used to treat Condylomata Acuminata, which are warts around the groin and rectal areas caused by HPV. 

This medicine won’t get rid of warts, but it might make them go away faster. 

New warts may appear during or after treatment. 

This medicine does not stop the spread of warts through sexual contact, and it could make condoms and diaphragms less effective. 

For up to 16 weeks, the ointment is used three times per day, and a small amount is applied to all warts.

Curcumin medicines

Curcumin is a turmeric derivative that has demonstrated anecdotal benefit against Genital Warts.

Due to its anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and antiviral effects, Curcumin, found in Curcuma longa roots, may help with the warts. 

However, there isn’t a lot of proof, and further research is needed to confirm its true safety and usefulness.

Recommended Article
Get a better understanding of HPV, which causes Genital Warts, by reading 
Human Papillomavirus (HPV): A Comprehensive Guide

Side effects of Genital Warts medication

Skin irritationSource: vvoevale
Skin rashes (skin infection)

The side effects of medicines used to treat Genital Warts depend on the kind of medicine used. 

Imiquimod and Podophyllotoxin are two topical medicines that can irritate the skin, leave blisters, and change the skin color where they are used. 

Some chemical treatments, like Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA), can make the skin itch, sore, or hurt a little. 

Therefore, some rare side effects of medicines used to treat Genital Warts are skin discoloration, scarring, and serious, long-lasting pain. 

Talking to a doctor or nurse about the choice of Genital Warts medication and the possible side effects of each drug is important before starting treatment.

While treatments can eliminate warts, they do not cure the underlying virus.

Conclusion

Treating Genital Warts includes topical medications such as Imiquimod and Podophyllotoxin and chemical treatments like Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA).

The side effects of the medications depend on the type of Genital Warts medication used and may include skin irritation, blisters, and soreness.

People should talk to their doctor before starting treatment to understand the possible side effects of each drug and choose the best Genital Warts medication for their condition.

While treatments can eliminate warts, they do not cure the underlying virus. 

With the right treatment and guidance, Genital Warts can be effectively managed.

Warning:
Don’t skip treatment for Genital Warts if you are planning a baby. You can pass it to your child during pregnancy.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the most common cause of Genital Warts?

Genital warts are primarily caused by certain strains of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). The most common culprits are HPV types 6 and 11. These sexually transmitted viruses can lead to the development of warts in the genital and anal areas. Safe sex practices and vaccination can help prevent transmission.

How are Genital Warts diagnosed?

Genital warts are diagnosed through visual examination by a healthcare professional. In some cases, a biopsy or additional tests may be conducted. HPV DNA testing and Colposcopy are common methods to confirm Human Papillomavirus (HPV)’s presence and identify Genital Warts.

Are there any side effects associated with topical medications?

Topical medications may cause localized skin irritation, redness, or itching. Some individuals may experience allergies to specific ingredients. In rare cases, systemic absorption can lead to systemic side effects. Following usage instructions and consulting a healthcare professional if adverse reactions occur, is crucial.

What is the cost-effectiveness of different genital wart treatments?

Assessing the cost-effectiveness of various genital wart treatments involves analyzing expenses related to efficacy and recurrence. Factors like medication prices, doctor visits, and long-term outcomes contribute to determining the most economical and impactful approach for managing Genital Warts.

How can I prevent the spread of Genital Warts?

To prevent the spread of Genital Warts, practice safe sex by using condoms, communicate openly with sexual partners about Sexually Transmitted Infections, and consider vaccination against certain HPV strains. Regular medical check-ups and early detection can further aid in managing and preventing the transmission of Genital Warts.

Citations:
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