Best Medication for Glaucoma: Latanoprost vs Lumigan

Amisha Jain
Medically reviewed by
Dr. Kaushal

Review medical content on WOW Rx Pharmacy, so that accurate drug use information is easily accessible to everybody.
Dr. Akansha is a licensed Clinical Pharmacologist. She possesses remarkable knowledge in Pharmacovigilance, prescription analysis, drug information, and drug safety services. Additionally, she is a keen learner and an educator.

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Glaucoma checkup

When it comes to managing Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension, two prominent medications frequently prescribed are Latanoprost and Lumigan. 

Both are prostaglandin analogues designed to lower intraocular pressure (IOP) and reduce the risk of vision loss associated with these conditions. 

However, while they share a common goal, these medications have distinct characteristics that may influence a patient’s choice and their overall effectiveness. 

In this article, we will take a look at a detailed comparison of Latanoprost vs Lumigan, evaluating their mechanisms of action, side effects, efficacy, and more.

In this article, we will see how these two differ from each other.

Quick review

A three-month comparison study was performed by Gandalfi S. et al. in 2001.

It aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of Bimatoprost (Lumigan) and Latanoprost to treat Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension.

In the study, it was found that both medications were safe and well tolerated by the patients.

Statistics showed that Bimatoprost was better at reaching low target pressures.

However, patients on Bimatoprost experienced more cases of Conjunctival Hyperemia, while those on Latanoprost had frequent headaches.

Also, the cost per milliliter of Lumigan is considerably higher than generic Latanoprost, which is the most well-documented Prostaglandin.

BasisLatanoprostLumigan
FDA-approved UsesIt is used in the treatment of

1. Glaucoma
2. Ocular Hypertension
It is an effective first-line treatment for

1. Glaucoma
2. Ocular Hypertension

It is also used for Eyelash Growth
FDA status in the year19962001
Active saltLatanoprostBimatoprost
Severe side effectsIt can cause your eyelashes to grow longer, thicker, and darker.

It can make your colored eye part and eyelashes brown
It can change the color of the eyes and eyelids permanently
ManufacturerCiplaAllergan Inc.
Avg. Cost$4-$10$102-$104
OthersGenericBrand

These comparative advantages of both medications make it necessary to study them in depth.

Further ahead, we will learn more about the medications and compare them objectively.

What is Latanoprost

Latanoprost is a medication to treat high intraocular pressure

It belongs to a class of medication called prostaglandin analogues.

What are Prostaglandin Analogues?
Prostaglandin Analogues is a class of medication to treat Glaucoma and high Ocular Pressure.
It reduces eye pressure by increasing the outflow of fluid in the eyes.

Your doctor might prescribe it to you if you have Ocular hypertension or Glaucoma.

It aims to lower eye pressure by increasing fluid flow (aqueous humor) out of the eye.

Latanoprost might also make your eyelashes get longer, thicker, and darker.

It is a Category C drug and should be used during pregnancy only if the benefits outweigh the risks.

What is Lumigan

eye checkupSource: Brazo_de_Hierro
Eye Checkup

Lumigan is another prescription-based medication to treat Glaucoma and Ocular hypertension.

The active salt of Lumigan is Bimatoprost, which is also a prostaglandin analogue.

Topical Bimatoprost is also used as an eyelash growth serum

It promotes the growth of thicker, longer, and darker lashes.

Lumigan is also a Category C medication and must be used in pregnant and breastfeeding women with caution.

Mechanism of action of Lumigan vs Latanoprost

Latanoprost is known to work by increasing the outflow of aqueous humor from the eye. 

This process occurs via the uveoscleral pathway, helping to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP). 

The term “uveoscleral outflow” describes the process of draining ocular aqueous humor from the anterior chamber. This drainage occurs within the anterior chamber angle through routes other than the trabecular meshwork.

Similar to Latanoprost, Lumigan acts by increasing the outflow of aqueous humor. 

However, it may also have a more pronounced effect on the trabecular meshwork, another route for aqueous humor drainage.

Which is better Latanoprost vs Lumigan

Here is a general overview of the pros and cons of Latanoprost vs Lumigan, which might come in handy while making a choice

LatanoprostLumigan
Pros:
1. Treats high eye pressure effectively
2. Generic Latanoprost is comparatively cheaper
3. Needs to be used once daily
Pros:
1. Treats high eye pressure effectively
2. Needs to be used once daily
Cons:

1. Needs to be used for at least 15 minutes before applying contact lenses
2. Can cause lash growth as a side effect
3. Might change the color of the eye 
May trigger ocular herpes
Cons:

1. More expensive than alternatives
2. Might cause lash growth as a side effect
3. Can permanently change eye color
4. Needs to be used for at least 15 minutes before applying contact lenses

What came first- Latanoprost or Lumigan

correct medicine - Latanoprost vs LumiganSource: MJ_Prototype_from_Getty_Images
Medicine

Latanoprost was the first prostaglandin analogue to be approved by the FDA.

It was approved for ocular use in 1996.

However, Lumigan’s solution got its approval to be used as an ophthalmic solution in 2001.

Hence, in Latanoprost vs Lumigan, the former is the medication that has been available in the market for a longer duration.

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  • Side effects

    Like every other medication, Latanoprost and Lumigan eye drops have their side effects.

    Some of the common side effects of these medications are

    • Changes in eyelid skin color
    • Blurred vision
    • Stinging
    • Mild redness
    • Itching

    Apart from this, patients using Latanoprost can make the colored part of the eye and eyelashes brown.

    Several patients reported episodes of a clingy eye, i.e., a feeling of something trapped in the eye, after using Latanoprost Ophthalmic Solution.

    However, using Lumigan can permanently change the color of your eyes and eyelids.

    It can also volumize, darken, and thicken the eyelashes. 

    Also read: To effectively manage your Glaucoma, it’s crucial to understand which medications to avoid in order to protect your vision. Read Glaucoma Medications to Avoid: Protecting Your Vision for more information.

    Interactions

    It is common to see that every patient reacts to medication differently.

    Therefore, knowing if a specific health condition might hamper the efficacy of whichever medication you use becomes essential.

    Lumigan and Latanoprost both show adverse effects if you have the following conditions:

    • Renal/liver disease
    • Uveitis
    • Macular edema

    Additionally, Latanoprost must be used with caution for patients with Ocular herpes simplex and respiratory disorders.

    Hence, your doctor would want to consider any preexisting conditions before prescribing you the proper medication.

    Takeaway

    In the battle of Latanoprost vs. Lumigan, both medications have demonstrated their efficacy in managing Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension. 

    However, the choice between them may depend on individual responses and considerations, including side effects and cost.

    Latanoprost tends to be well-tolerated and is often preferred for its relatively lower cost. 

    On the other hand, Lumigan, with its potential for slightly greater IOP reduction and unique side effects, may be preferred by some patients.

    Ultimately, the decision between Latanoprost and Lumigan should be made in consultation with a healthcare professional.

    They can assess your specific needs, medical history, and any potential interactions better to help you make an informed choice.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Which is better: Latanoprost or Lumigan?

    Determining whether Latanoprost or Lumigan is better depends on individual patient responses and considerations. Consult your healthcare professional to select the most suitable medication based on your specific eye condition and needs.

    What is the best substitute for Lumigan?

    A common substitute for Lumigan is generic Bimatoprost, which contains the same active ingredient and offers a more cost-effective option while maintaining similar effectiveness. However, individual responses and preferences should be considered when determining the best substitute. Always consult your healthcare provider for personalized recommendations.

    Can Lumigan be substituted for Latanoprost?

    Lumigan can sometimes be substituted for Latanoprost under the guidance of a healthcare professional, but this decision should be based on your specific eye health needs and responses to the medications.

    Is Latanoprost cheaper than Lumigan?

    Yes, Latanoprost, being the generic version, is typically more cost-effective than brand-name Lumigan. This cost savings can make Latanoprost a more affordable option. However, actual costs may vary based on insurance coverage and location.

    Citations:
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