When Does PMS Start After Ovulation: Timing the Tide

Harman Kaur
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Dr. Kaushal

Review medical content on WOW Rx Pharmacy, so that accurate drug use information is easily accessible to everybody.
Dr. Akansha is a licensed Clinical Pharmacologist. She possesses remarkable knowledge in Pharmacovigilance, prescription analysis, drug information, and drug safety services. Additionally, she is a keen learner and an educator.

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when does pms start after ovulation

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a perplexing and often disruptive condition that affects many women during their reproductive years. 

In the days following ovulation, PMS encompasses a range of physical, emotional, and psychological symptoms. 

It can significantly impact a woman’s well-being and daily life. 

During this time, hormonal fluctuations play a central role in triggering the diverse array of symptoms experienced by women. 

Understanding the timing and manifestations of PMS after ovulation is crucial in promoting awareness and supporting those navigating this challenging aspect of their menstrual cycle.

Menstrual cycle and ovulation

Menstrual cycle calendarSource: anastassiyavinogradova
Menstrual calendar

Understanding the menstrual cycle is vital to comprehending when PMS begins following ovulation. 

The duration of a menstrual cycle depends from person to person but is typically around 28 days. 

The follicular and luteal phases are the two primary phases of the menstrual cycle.

A follicle in the ovary that contains eggs grows due to hormonal changes throughout the follicular phase, which lasts from the start of menstruation to ovulation. 

When an egg reaches maturity, it is released during ovulation, which usually occurs on day 14 of a cycle of 28 days. The luteal phase starts after ovulation.

PMS symptoms and the luteal phase

Following ovulation, the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle lasts until the start of the subsequent period. 

The typical onset of PMS symptoms occurs during this phase. 

Hormonal fluctuations significantly exacerbate these symptoms.

The empty follicle changes into the corpus luteum, a tissue that secretes Progesterone and Estrogen after ovulation. 

During this stage, Progesterone levels increase to get the uterine lining ready for a future pregnancy. 

However, if pregnancy does not occur, Progesterone and estrogen levels fall, which causes the uterine lining to shred and menstruation to begin.

If you feel any type of irritation during PMS symptoms because of the above-mentioned changes, consult your doctor immediately.

When does PMS start after ovulation?

Each person experiences PMS symptoms at a different time. 

Typically, PMS symptoms can start anywhere from two to seven days after ovulation and remain up to the start of menstruation. 

The PMS symptoms for most women peak a few days before menstruation and then decrease when the period starts.

Common PMS symptoms include:

  • Mood swings and irritability
  • Fatigue and sleep disturbances
  • Breast tenderness and swelling
  • Bloating and water retention
  • Food cravings or changes in appetite
  • Headaches and muscle aches
  • Anxiety and depression

Coping with PMS

Stress ManagingSource: Getty_images
Meditation (to manage stress)

While the actual cause of PMS remains unclear, managing its symptoms can significantly improve the quality of life during this menstrual cycle phase. 

Here are some strategies that may help:

  • Healthy lifestyle: Engaging in regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, and sleeping enough can help alleviate PMS symptoms
  • Stress reduction: Practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises can help reduce stress, which may exacerbate PMS symptoms
  • Dietary adjustments: Reducing salt and caffeine intake and increasing the consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may help minimize bloating and water retention
  • Over-the-counter medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen can make you relieve pain and discomfort associated with PMS
  • Birth control pills: For some individuals, oral contraceptives can help regulate hormonal fluctuations and reduce the severity of PMS symptoms


Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a common occurrence experienced by many menstruating individuals. 

Understanding when PMS starts after ovulation is crucial to recognize and manage its symptoms effectively. 

The luteal phase, which follows ovulation, is when PMS symptoms typically begin to manifest, and they usually peak a few days before menstruation. 

By adopting healthy lifestyle habits and employing coping strategies, individuals can alleviate the impact of PMS on their daily lives and enhance their overall well-being during this phase of the menstrual cycle. 

Always remember that consulting with a healthcare professional is essential to discuss concerns about PMS or menstrual health.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can PMS happen after ovulation?

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms might appear after ovulation in some people. Before menstruation, this is known as the “late luteal phase” or “post-ovulation” PMS and is characterized by mood swings, bloating, and other discomforts.

Can PMS start 3 days after ovulation?

PMS symptoms may initiate at any point post-ovulation (although they commonly commence during the week before your period) and persist until around five days after the onset of menstruation. The menstrual bleeding will begin on the 28th day of the menstrual cycle.

Can PMS start 10 days before period?

In both PMDD and PMS, symptoms typically initiate around seven to 10 days before the commencement of your period and persist during the initial few days. Both PMDD and PMS can result in symptoms such as bloating, breast tenderness, fatigue, and alterations in sleep and eating patterns.

How do you know if you are pregnant or PMS?

PMS and early pregnancy share common symptoms such as breast swelling, enlargement, pain, discomfort, or tenderness. However, it’s essential to note that early pregnancy symptoms like nausea and vomiting are not typically experienced in PMS.

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