Tests for Early Menopause: Detecting Changes in Hormones and Health

Nishi Kashyap
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tests for early menopause

Early Menopause, occurring before age 45, can have long-term health implications for women. 

Detecting it early through specific tests is essential for accurate diagnosis and effective management. 

Conducting various tests helps individuals and doctors to understand the symptoms and find effective management ways for early Menopause.

In this article, we will explore the tests for early Menopause used by healthcare providers to identify the possible health risk related to the condition.

Different tests for early Menopause

There are various tests for early Menopause.

They may include the following:

Physical exam

A physical examination is essential to diagnosing early Menopause. 

During this, a healthcare provider will assess various aspects of a woman’s health.

They will gather important information related to menopausal symptoms and underlying health conditions. 

Your doctor may ask about your medical history and measure your body temperature and blood pressure to check your overall health status.

Blood test

Blood testSource: vitapix_from_Getty_Images_Signature
Blood test

A doctor can use blood tests to detect early Menopause. 

They help measure hormone levels and other markers that indicate Menopause or hormonal imbalances. 

Here are a few blood tests mentioned below:

Thyroid function test

In some cases, Thyroid disorder can cause symptoms similar to early Menopause. 

To figure out Thyroid-related issues, a healthcare provider may perform a Thyroid function test, which measures Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) levels.

These blood tests are performed anytime during the day.

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) test

In early Menopause, FSH levels are higher than usual as the ovaries become less responsive to FSH stimulation.

FSH is a kind of hormone that stimulates the ovaries to produce Estrogen and is crucial for the menstrual cycle.

Estrogen Level Test

This test measures the level of Estrogen present in the blood. 

In early Menopause, Estrogen levels tend to be lower than usual.

Interesting Fact:
In the women or AFAB (assigned female at birth) body, if Estrogen is low, it may delay puberty and sexual development.

Bone density testing

Bone density test (DEXA scan) assesses bone health and density.

It is essential for early Menopause due to the increased risk of bone loss and Osteoporosis.

Inhibition B testing

Inhibin B is a hormone produced by the ovaries that plays a role in regulating the menstrual cycle.

This test assesses inhibin B levels to support the diagnosis of early Menopause.

Inhibition B test can be helpful in conjunction with other hormone tests.

Genetic testing

In some cases, early Menopause may be linked to genetic factors. 

Genetic testing will help identify specific gene mutations linked to early Menopause or primary ovarian insufficiency (POI).

People confuse early Menopause with primary ovarian insufficiency, which is not the same.

Genetic testing will confirm whether a person has early Menopause or POI.

Importance of early detection

Detecting Menopause early helps manage symptoms and improve daily life.

Getting the proper diagnosis identifies possible health risks like Osteoporosis and heart disease.

Taking action early can prevent problems and lead to better long-term health.

Understanding Early Menopause symptoms

Dry SkinSource: siniehinaalona
Dry Skin

Early Menopause occurs before age 40 when the ovaries stop functioning normally.

Symptoms of Early Menopause are as follows:

  • Irregular or missed periods
  • Hot flashes and night sweats
  • Vaginal dryness 
  • Difficulty sleeping and mood changes
  • Reduced sex drive (libido)
  • Problems with memory and concentration
  • Dry skin, eyes, or mouth
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Managing early Menopause

There are a few ways to help ease the symptoms and reduce the risk of getting health conditions from early Menopause.

Women who experience early Menopause can lead to higher health risks, such as Osteoporosis and heart disease.

To decrease these risks, Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) or taking the oral contraceptive pill can be beneficial. 

Do not take any medicine without consulting your doctor. They will explain the potential benefits and side effects of the medicine to you and prescribe a plan that is suitable for your health condition

The avoidance of smoking can also help in easing the symptoms of early Menopause.

Doctors can also provide personalized treatment plans considering individual health factors and medical history.


Early detection of Menopause is vital for women experiencing symptoms before its natural occurrence.

Various tests, including physical exams and blood tests, help accurately diagnose early Menopause.

These tests aid in understanding the hormonal status and identifying potential health risks like Osteoporosis and heart disease.

Symptoms of early Menopause include vaginal dryness, missed or irregular periods, and trouble sleeping.

Menopausal Hormone Therapy and avoiding smoking can effectively manage early Menopause symptoms.

Regular health check-ups and open communication with healthcare providers are essential for optimal health during early Menopause.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the tests for early Menopause?

Various tests done by healthcare providers are used to detect early Menopause. It includes physical examinations, blood tests, bone density tests, genetic testing, and inhibition B testing.

What are the symptoms of early Menopause?

Symptoms of early Menopause may include irregular or missed periods, hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, difficulty sleeping, mood changes, reduced sex drive,  and dry skin.

What blood tests detect early Menopause?

There are many blood tests that are done to identify early Menopause that measure hormone levels of the body. They include the FSH test (Follicle-Stimulating Hormone), Thyroid function test, and Estrogen test.

How can I manage early Menopause?

You can manage early Menopause by taking MHT or contraceptive pills with the consult of your doctor. Changing a few lifestyle activities, like avoiding smoking, can also help ease the symptoms.

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